A safer Social Media


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Shreya Shrestha

Social media is an inevitable part of our lives. Networking apps such as Facebook, twitter and Instagram is very popular and not just with millennials and Get Z but with older generations too. With literally billions of people using and signing up to these apps everyday a lot of our personal information are being shared and uploaded as well as collected for economic purposes.

Social media is a platform that can be very useful if navigated properly but it also has a lot of drawbacks. With e-commerce on the rise, hackers and identity thieves are provided with limitless opportunities to cause harm.

Nowadays people are more into creating a social media presence and posting pictures, locations and creating more digital updates than ever.

This has made very important to pay attention to online security and privacy. Here are some practical tips on how to stay safer and more secure on social media.

  1. Pay attention to privacy settings

Every social media platform has privacy settings that can be customized according to our comfort level. We have the power and choice to decide who can view our posts, friend lists and pages you follow or like. We can also limit friend requests and prevent people from seeing your email address and other personal information.

  1. Don’t reveal everything

Contrast to popular trends we do not have to post everything we did, ate, etc on social media. Posting photos of your home or sharing locations and addresses of your work or residence is a big no. As benign as it may seem, such practices could put you in harm’s way.

  1. Choose friends carefully

An average social media user is glad to see new friend requests. After all, you want to feel acknowledged and appreciated by your peers. But popularity isn’t everything. A best practice is to only accept friend requests from people you know or have met in real life.

  1. Links May Lead to Malware

When in doubt, throw it out: Links in emails, social media posts and online advertising are often how cybercriminals try to steal your personal information. Even if you know the source, if something looks suspicious, delete or ignore it.

  1. Strengthen Passwords

We saved the best for last. Most hackers use gigantic databases to break passwords; a weak password will increase the odds of your account being accessed. A strong password is a sentence that is at least 12 characters long. Focus on positive sentences or phrases that you like to think about and are easy to remember (for example, “I love country music.”). On many sites, you can even use spaces!




Speak Up!


Nisha Adhikari

I was 17 when I got married. I had just completed my secondary level of education. We were a family of 7 including my mum, father and my 4 siblings. I was the eldest one among them all. The economic background of my family was not very sound enough to let me pursue further education. So the only option as seen by parents was -marriage.

Shankar, my husband was 5 years elder than me. Though the economic status of his family was better than mine, but not that well off. At the age of 19, with much difficulty during delivery, I gave birth to our twin daughters. Without any job it became difficult for us to maintain our livelihood including the education of our daughters. Every other member forced Shankar to go abroad in a working visa. He went to a gulf country in search of a job.

He returned to Nepal after 5 long years. Everything was going fine for 7-8 months but the economic crisis of the family forced him to go back again. For this, he was going through all the medical tests and something shocking was found in his reports that we had ever imagined. He was diagnosed HIV positive. I don’t know whether he was aware about this before but knowingly or unknowingly it also got transmitted to me. I would have somehow bear the fact of myself being HIV positive but what about the unborn baby in my belly.

The first thought that ran into my mind was to get abortion. But it was already 6 months due which I made it risky for me to do so.

In a society full of stigmatization, discrimination and male dominance, everyone started to put fault in me rather than my husband. It was getting difficult for me to seek help. Symptoms had already started showing up in my husband’s case but he was denying to seek medical care and open up. Though it was hard for me to bear this fact, it was still me who insisted to have medical checkup and get proper counselling for this. Now he is under the anti-retroviral therapy and I am taking the necessary medication to prevent the transmission to my baby.

Knowing that the HIV status is itself not enough, we should be able to open up and seek the possible treatment available.

Women shall propose!

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Falling in love is the most wonderful feeling. We all know that.  However, there is a slight problem. You need to be with somebody who loves you at the same time.  And most importantly, one of you needs to propose the other!

Unfortunately, that doesn’t happen always!

If a woman has decided she wants to get married and that she’s met the right person she is hemmed in on all sides by societal expectations to wait it out. She can vote, drive, become CEO, President, pilot a spacecraft, but the final frontier remains – she cannot propose. There is honor and dignity that is given to a woman when she is pursued and won over. You are worthy of the pursuit. When you read Song of Solomon, you see how he pursues the bride over and over.

But at a point, we have to let tradition be a choice and not a mandate, because while it’s sweet to see a guy so smitten that he asks for marriage, it’s just as lovely to see a woman do it! The world won’t end if the guy makes a first move, sure. But anything that says a woman shouldn’t have the choice (or else they’re weird or lame or desperate) is an issue.

Even today, as we constantly disrupt the status quo, many women tend to think they should be feminine. This means waiting for the guy to ask you on a date, waiting for the guy to buy a drink, waiting for the guy to message you on social sites. Because otherwise, you’re desperate or slutty or pushy.

Of course, not everyone equates these behaviors to something bad. But this all goes back to the construct of gender norms. “We’re just pretty little ladies sitting here waiting on a big strong man to come and whisk us away to our future!”

“And it’s not a leap year!” I hear you cry. And you’d be right. That day, once every four years when it becomes marginally more socially acceptable for a woman to ask the man they want to spend the rest of their life with to do so. Legend has it that “The Ladies’ Privilege,” as it was known then, originated in the fifth century, with an Irish nun later known as St. Brigid. Through her intervention it was decided that on Feb. 29, women would be given the opportunity to pop the question as a way to balance traditional gender roles in a manner not unlike how leap year serves to balance the calendar. The argument is – why wait for a fluke of the Roman calendar?

Women don’t need leap year to step up and ask what they want.

Yeah, I mean, come on, who does not like to be swept off their feet with an extravagant proposal by her guy? But well, you know that you too can take the initiative, right? Speak up, speak out and don’t tell women that they’re lame for proposing. Because that makes you even lamer.

It doesn’t matter whether you are a guy or a girl. Don’t sit back and expect the other person to know it through telepathy. Break the stereotypical image of girls being the passive recipient and why not just tell the guy that you do love him? Take pride in who you are, go ahead and speak your heart out. True love has no parameters that need to be fulfilled.

Perks of having a long hair

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There was a campaign by the Nepal police in 2013, they were taking the men with long hair and piercings into custody and had chopped off their hair and taken off their piercings. 711 men were taken into custody in a single day on 26 February.

My name is Faizar Sharma and I don’t understand why the colleges in Nepal are not allowing males to have long hairs. Let me tell you something that is ironic, many colleges teach their students to fight against the stigma and stereotypical thinking of the society but are not letting their students to have long hair. It’s funny, isn’t it?

I have been travelling to different places of Nepal. During those visits I met some people who were against me because of my long hair. But after talking with them after a week or two, they would be kind to me and suggest me to trim my hair to look good.

I think people are not used to seeing a man with long hair so they find it difficult to adjust with someone who has long hair.(I remember an incident, one day about 6 years ago, I was going to school as usual. I saw a lady pushing her bike on the inclined road and it was difficult seeing it because she was applying full effort, but was unable to push the bike due to inclined road so I helped her. She thanked me and I was stunned by her voice because her voice sounded like a man, I was scared because I had never encountered anyone like that before. I was not used to seeing women whose voices were husky. She gave me a smile and went on. I went to school and thought about it the whole day and came to the conclusion that I wasn’t scared I was just uncomfortable because I wasn’t used to seeing that person just as some people are not used to seeing a male with long hair.

My long hair is related to my sexuality, it’s been two years I have been walking with my long hair. I have been told to trim my hair by the teachers of the schools of urban area and I have been supported to work on school in rural areas. I don’t think living in cities makes a behavioral change to end the stigma of long hairs. Behavioral change takes place when you think my long hair is not affecting anyone, when you think it is normal for boys to keep the hair.

“I have a dream that one day our brother will be allowed to keep their hair long and that they don’t have to wait until they pass their twelfth grade and join a government college because private college don’t allow you to keep long hair.”

A culture of victim blaming

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With new cases of sexual assaults, domestic violence, harassment and rapes rising in the country and worldwide, the tendency to blame the victim of the crime (mostly women) rather than the perpetrator has also seen a steady rise.

Over the past months, there has been a number of high profile cases in the international media of violence against women that highlights the victim blaming culture that we live in. The most prominent case was of the Steubenville Ohio trial in which two male high school football players were found guilty of raping a sixteen-year old girl who was unable to give consent to sexual activity after drinking alcohol at a party.

Many individuals, both male and female, voiced their opinion and reacted to the trial and the guilty verdict by harshly blaming the young woman for being raped as she was drinking while underage. They declared that men’s innocence despite the evidence against them and blamed the victim.

Even a well renowned television new channel CNN’s reporting of the verdict gave an emphasis on the impact on the lives of the two found guilty, rather than the victim. Reporter Poppy Harlow stated” These two young men that had such promising futures….literally watched as they believed their life fell apart,” and Candy Crowley reported “What’s the lasting effect though on two young men being found guilty in juvenile court of rape essentially?”

They failed to discuss the trauma, trust issues and other lasting effect on the young woman who was raped as if she was to blame.

A similar case took place when a Swiss woman was gang raped by a group of men while camping in India with her husband. The men robbed the couple, tied up and beat the man and gang raped the woman. During the course of investigation, the local police claimed that the tourists were at least partially to be blamed, as they failed to tell the police their whereabouts.

Within this culture of victim blaming, women are told to change their behavior in order to avoid being assaulted or raped. They are told to dress modestly, drink less alcohol, not to go to parties, not put themselves in risky situations and so much more.

This proliferates the belief that women are at fault when they are attacked and thus leads a lack of accountability for men.

Instead of teaching women what not to do, we should be focusing on men and teaching them about consent and morals and to hold them accountable.

While it’s important that women continue to be empowered and educated on how to prevent rape, this education needs to be extended to men as well. Men and women need to work together to change the culture of victim blaming and help reduce violence against women.

The Red Stain

-Sajira Shrestha


My hands and legs were trembling. My face was turning red. All the friendly faces seemed to be staring at me. I was scared to death. I was holding my tears and I couldn’t move. I couldn’t speak anything. It was all because there was a red stain in my pant.

I recall the day when I had my first menstruation period. I was twelve years old and in 5th grade. My mother and sister had told me few things about menstruation. They had said it was normal for all girls and they all have gone through this but I hadn’t imagined it could be so hard for me.

It was a game period. Me and all my friends were playing in our school playground, when suddenly my best friend told me that there was a red stain in my pant. I didn’t know about it until I went to the toilet and checked it. The fear inside me had grown. I was worried about how to go to my classroom, what if my classmate especially boys will see it, what will I say to my teacher.. These questions were ringing around my head. I felt ashamed. I even cursed myself for being a girl. I felt so embarrassed and weak at that moment.

My friend went to the teacher and asked for help. My teacher called my mother and she came to the school. She asked me to change my pant and told me to go to the class and read the other periods. But as I was too embarrassed to go back to my class, I came back home.

At that time, I thought menstruation was a curse. I wondered why it would be to only girls, not boys. I felt that girls were called weaker than man due to this.

Now I am 18 years old and I know that menstrual cycle is a normal physiological process and women don’t need to be ashamed of it. It’s just a monthly series of changes a woman’s body goes through.  I want to tell my 12 year old self that you don’t need to be ashamed of that RED STAIN in your pant.

Periods in the Custody

– Nisha Adhikari

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“Menstruation: A journey of girls into womanhood”

Womanhood can be beautiful but also sometimes comes along with all those cramps, bloating, mood swings, back pain and in some cases, excessive bleeding. Luckily I have every necessary products to tackle with this or make these easier. I have medications especially designed for menstrual pain. I have sanitary pads or tampons by my table whenever I need. Modern Technology has even made easier with the period tracking apps.

But the scenario is completely different when you are locked within the certain area, where you cannot have connection with the outer world. A women in the jail, where the money given to you on daily basis is not even sufficient to have a meal for two times a day, where you may not receive even the basic necessities. Then how can we expect them to have a sanitary pads during their periods.

A women in the early age of 20 gets into the prison. Every month she bleeds. Every month she has to suffer. Every month she has to fight with the pain, all cramps and bloating. Menstruation becomes a nightmare for her because she has to deal with the discomfort she gets after the heavy bleeding. The money she earns from her work within the jail is not enough to fulfill her basic necessities. The essential diet during such periods are far away from her. Female hygiene product should be managed by themselves. The only option she has left is her old clothes to soak that blood. The same old clothes which may have remained unwashed because of lack of her access to washing facilities and she is compelled to use it in the emergency situation of so called periods.

She thinks periods as the matter of humiliation or as if it contain an element that is somehow offensive. She try her best to keep it out of her social interaction. Due to which, every month she use the improperly washed piece of cloth that do not get even shadow of the sun. She hides it in the corner of her room or at the back of the door. Somehow when she manage to buy the sanitary pads, she has to use it very wisely and for the longer duration so that it becomes sufficient for her one period.  But she is unaware of all the infections she is getting with her every another periods.

Reproductive tract infections, urinary tract infection and other fungal disease are on the way to increase her anxiety and depression.

Lack of hygiene product and forced humiliation, some women encounter in the prison setting is really upsetting and change is crucial.

Though she is within the prison because of her wrong deeds but she is still a woman and every month she bleeds. She also has the menstrual needs as if the women like us which needs to be addressed.